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Location
Capital :  Gaborone

Government Type:  Parliamentary Republic

Population :  2.021 million (2013)

Languages :  English (official), Setswana

Official Currency:  Pula (BWP)

Currency Code:  BWP

Area:  Total: 600,370 sq km

Water: 15,000 sq km

Land: 585,370 sq km

Climate:  Semi-arid; warm winters and hot summers
Botswana land borders with Zimbabwe in the northeast,
South Africa in the south and southeast and with
Namibia to the west. The country is a broad tableland
with a mean altitude of 3,300 ft. A vast plateau of about
4,000 ft in height, extending from near Kanye north to
the Zimbabwean border, divides the country into two
distinct topographical regions. The eastern region is
hilly bush country and grassland (veld). To the west lie
the Okavango Swamps and the Kalahari Desert. The
only sources of permanent surface water are the
Chobe River in the north, the Limpopo in the east, and
the Okvango in the northwest. In seasons of heavy
rainfall, floodwaters flow into the Makgadikgadi Salt
Pans and Lake Ngami.




Parks and Game Reserves in Botswana
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Botswana
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International Law Enforcement Academy, Gaborone
Chobe National Park
The park has the most
varied wildlife of all of Botswana's parks with one of the highest populations of Elephant to be found here.
The Chobe River flows along the northern edge of the park bordering Botswana and Namibia.

Accommodation:
Lodges and Camping facilities are available within the park.

Mokolodi Nature Reserve
For those who want to get close to African wildlife without going on safari, this park is ideal. It's conveniently close to Gaborone but,
once you enter the park, you really are in the bush. Whether you stay for a day or a week, Mokolodi offers a magical experience.

For those who want to get close to African wildlife without going on safari, this park is ideal. It's conveniently close to Gaborone but,
once you enter the park, you really are in the bush. Whether you stay for a day or a week, Mokolodi offers a magical experience.

Activities include rhino tracking (yes, you can get really close on foot), giraffe tracking, walking with the elephants, game drives, and
horse trekking. For many visitors, though, the highlight is the cheetah experience. Once you've been licked by a cheetah the memory
will stay with you forever.

The Mokolodi Wildlife Foundation is a charity dedicated to conservation and education projects. All revenues from visitor activities are
used to fund these projects.

Accommodation
Four chalets situated close to a water hole afford a spectacular all-day show as animals come down to drink: zebra, giraffe, rhino,
kudu, wildebeest,
gemsbok to name but a few. There are also individual camp sites (with showers and flush toilets) for those who appreciate their
privacy.

For more information on the Mokolodi Nature Reserve go to www.mokolodi.com

Okavango Delta & Moremi Game Reserve

The Okavango Delta covers a vast area of 16000 sq. kms situated in the north-west of the country. It is claimed to the
largest inland delta in the world and is one of Botswana's main tourist attractions

It is home to an abundance of wildlife including crocodile, hippo, water bucks and various fish species which can be seen from safari
vans and boats.

The delta waters meet the sands of the Kalahari desert making the whole area very beautiful and scenic which is why it is referred to
as the 'Jewel of the Kalahari'.

Maun is the main town of the region and situated on the southern edge of the Delta. It is Botswana's main tourist capital. Having one
of the busiest centers in the country as flights from Gaborone, Victoria Falls, South Africa and Namibia fly there daily.

The Moremi Game Reserve lies within the Okavango Delta covering an area of over 3,500sq.km. The Reserve has a wide variety of
wildlife including
elephants, buffalo, giraffe, lion, leopard, cheetah, wild dog, hyena, jackal and a wide range of antelope. Bird life is prolific including
water birds. The reserve
has contrasting areas of vast wetlands and dry savanna.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve

This is Africa's largest protected region covering an area of over 52,000 sq kms located in the centre of the country. It is home to a
wide variety of antelopes
including eland, gemsbok, kudu, red hartebeest and springbok and also has a number of wildebeest, giraffe, lion, cheetah, leopard,
wild dog and brown
hyena.

The majority of the park is flat, vast open plains. Deception Pan is the parks most popular spot because it attracts large numbers of
game after the rains.

Accommodation
The park has a number of basic camping sites, but there are no other facilities in the park and supplies must be taken with you.

Kgalagadi National Park

Through a cooperation between the Botswana and South African Governments, the Kgalagadi National Park is the first official Trans
frontier and it managed
jointly by both countries. The Botswana section covers an area of about 28, 105 sq km with plenty of wild animals, including
wildebeest, eland, hartebeest,
gemsbok and springbok. Super predators like lion, leopard, cheetah and hyena can also be viewed. Camping areas on Botswana
side include the Rooiputs camping grounds, some 25km up the Nossob River Valley from the entrance gate. Poletswa grounds lie in
gemsbok and springbok. Super predators like lion, leopard, cheetah and hyena can also be viewed. Camping areas on Botswana the
northern section of the Nossob Valley.

Accommodation
Camping areas on Botswana side include the Rooiputs camping grounds, some 25km up the Nossob River Valley from the entrance
gate. Poletswa
grounds lie in the northern section of the Nossob Valley. In the extreme east of the Park, there are a number of campsites overlooking
pans. These include
Lesholoago, Khiding, Mabuasehube and Mpaathutlwa.  

Recommended Book Reading

Okavango : Africa's Last Eden VHS – USA (amazon.co.uk) -UK A textual and photographic account of the landscape and animal
inhabitants of the wetland at the heart of The Kalahari desert in Africa
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